American National Government

The law gives the president the right to veto proposals approved by Congress susceptible to being overruled by a two-thirds majority of both houses called Congressional in action. Since the president requires senate authorization for any major domestic operation, how well the president responds to Congress is crucial to decision-making. Public policy is a series of decisions that the state prefers to undertake when dealing with a problem that impacts society as a collective rather than on a personal level. Simply put, public policy refers to decisions made on the public’s behalf by the government to address a particular problem. They are formed for specific purposes, such as to guide regulatory action that is somewhat set, not just short-term changes but single legislative acts over extended periods. Public policy is relevant since almost every aspect of everyday life, namely education, health, and national security, is influenced by political choices and actions taken by people in power. Regulations placed in effect by policymakers at all government levels create laws, rules, and processes that direct citizens’ conduct under their jurisdiction. Choices on public policy are mostly required to enhance citizens’ health, safety, and very well-being and set educational institutions’ requirements.


Lawmakers started working on the bill months before the inauguration of President Obama in January 2009. Aides to the new president served with representatives of the United States on January 28, 2009, Congress and a simplified constitutional process permitted movement in the House of Representatives. On February 10, the United States Senate adopted its version. The Congress cut off the bills expenditure and presented it to the president for signature. President Barack Obama signed a government stimulus bill on February 17, 2009, to tackle the economic downturn was the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This was the sole purpose of the president in policymaking.

The two roles conflicted with each other in that; Supporters thought that fiscal stimulus was not enough to bring the national economy out of the downturn. Krugman claimed that the inspiration had contributed to alleviate unemployment, but it was not sufficiently strong in the years to come to drive further gross domestic product growth. Simultaneously, the opponents of the America Recovery Reinvestment argued that the enormous government spending was ineffective and hurdled by bureaucratic obstacles. Economist Lee Ohanian claimed that the economy shows early yet encouraging signs of improvement without finally taking effect from the stimulus. The conflict because, initially, contemporary responses to the ARRA were a mix of positive and negative, dropping largely predictably across partisan lines, but also with a significant level of divergence between economists in terms of wisdom and the anticipated effects of substantial fiscal stimulusInstitutional conflicts of interest (ICOIs) occur when there are potential conflicts (COIs) in the organization or representatives with the capacity to take on behalf of a principal which may endanger the rationality, truthfulness, or authenticity of research because they may affect organizational decision-making. One way of minimizing such conflicts is by setting up laws and rules to guide the people. To promote institutions to implement ICOI decisions and strategies, a standard ICOI review, government law, and guidance may be appropriate.


Re theAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act Definition. Investopedia

The team, C. (2020). Public Policy – Definition, Examples, Cases, Processes. Legal Dictionary. Retrieved November 6, 2020, from

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