I want in mine body 4 paragraphs
3- Britain place in the world
On advantage and disadvantage for each one
“Brexit” is an acronym for British exit from the European Union. The decision on this issue has not yet been made. A decision by the British people to exit from the EU would have far-reaching consequences not just for the country and the EU but also the world. Meanwhile, focus is primarily on the various ways in which the UK may benefit from Brexit. These benefits should be examined based on four main aspects: trade, jobs, Britain’s place in the world, and security. By exiting the EU, the UK may erode the gains made through its affiliation to the regional bloc in terms of increased bargaining power through trade agreements and diminished influence in Europe and the world particularly on security issues.
Firstly, Britain’s current affiliation with the European Union has benefited the country immensely in terms increased bargaining power harnessed through trade agreements. At the same time, the country’s trade volume has grown rapidly due to improvement in trade relations with EU member states (Ottaviano, Pessoa, Sampson & Van Reenen 2014a). In this case, a major disadvantage of Brexit would be the resulting increase in trade costs due to high tariffs. Moreover, almost 15 percent of the UK’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) emanates from goods and services exported to EU countries (Ottaviano et al., 2014a). Exiting from the union would put this crucial source of national income in jeopardy.
Meanwhile, the impact of the exit on jobs may not be as far-reaching as the one that will be exerted on trade. However, one should discuss aspects of both trade and immigration when addressing the issue of jobs. The move will cause restrictions on immigration to and from the UK and the EU, leading to corresponding barriers on trading activities. Despite the resulting income loss, it is suggested that there would be no significant negative effects on Britons’ wages and jobs (Ottaviano, Pessoa, Sampson & Van Reenen, 2014b). Nevertheless, the exit would hinder the realization of an ideal situation whereby British citizens are able to travel and work freely in a globalized world.
Additionally, Brexit would mark a new dawn in which Britain would redefine its partnerships with various countries while asserting its identity in a unique way (Boulanger & Philippidis, 2015). Unfortunately, Britain would lose its influence in the world in the process. The decision would trigger a rollback on the identity the country has already established by being part of the EU. Brexit would trigger a change of view, other nations would start to look down on the country.
Lastly, the exit may give the UK greater control over immigration. However, the decision would weaken the EU’s power on defense matters. Ultimately, such a weakened position would translate into negative security outcomes for Britain. Consequently, all European countries, including Britain, would become more susceptible to terror attacks. Moreover, the UK would lose an opportunity to influence EU’s approach to defense matters (Smith, 2015). Worse still, EU member states may opt to abandon the existing European defense system and Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) in preference for collaboration with NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
From this discussion, it is evident that Brexit will have a negative impact on both the European Union and Britain itself. The British people should not approve the proposal since it will lead to negative outcomes in terms of trade, immigration, security, and the country’s place in the world. Most importantly, Europe will be a less safe place following Britain’s exit since its contribution to the existing defense arrangements will be greatly reduced.
Ottaviano, G. I., Pessoa, J. P., Sampson, T., & Van Reenen, J. (2014a). The costs and benefits of leaving the EU. CFS Working Paper Series, No. 472.
Ottaviano, G. I. P., Pessoa, J. P., Sampson, T., & Van Reenen, J. (2014b). Brexit or fixit? The trade and welfare effects of leaving the European Union. London: Routledge.
Smith, K. E. (2015). Would Brexit spell the end of European defense? LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP), July 2nd, 2015.
Boulanger, P., & Philippidis, G. (2015). The end of a Romance? A note on the quantitative impacts of a ‘Brexit’from the EU. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66(3), 832-842.
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