Evidence-Based Project (EBP): Prevention and Management of Type II Diabetes

Question

Describe one internal and one external method for the dissemination of your EBP (evidence-based project) project results (My EBP topic is Prevention and management of Type II diabetes). For example, an internal method may be the hospital board, and an external method may be a professional nursing organization. Discuss why it is important to report your results to both of these groups. How will your communication strategies change for each group?

Please make sure that this paper follows APA format, online articles are less than five years ago, they are peer-reviewed articles, text citations are properly placed, references also follows APA format, and online articles had URL Address.

Answer

Evidence-Based Project (EBP): Prevention and Management of Type II Diabetes

Type II diabetes represents about 90% of cases of diabetes (National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011). This type of diabetes comes about when the body of the patient resists the insulin that it produces. This, unfortunately, has been a very prevalent disease as millions and millions of individuals are diagnosed with it every year. In order to prevent and manage Type II diabetes, researchers have found that individual nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns are the best way to start (Ley et al., 2014 & Kullgren, 2016). However, in order to promote the adoption of this evidence-based practice (EBP), three stages have to be followed. The first one is knowledge creation and distillation, and the second one is diffusion and dissemination. The last stage is organizational adoption and implementation. In this paper, the focus is on dissemination.

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Dissemination refers to the process of spreading information and intervention materials to a specific audience in the public health sector with the intention of distributing the information gathered about an EBP to all interested parties or stakeholders (Chan, Oldenburg & Viswanath, 2015). Dissemination can be done either internally or externally. In this case the best internal method would be to take it to the hospital board, which often consists of individuals that are well versed with the healthcare facility. As such, these stakeholders would be inclined to readily embrace the findings of the EBP to make sure they provide the best quality of healthcare to the patients. After reviewing the information presented to them, they should make a decision regarding its significance and the possibility of discussing the recommendations provided with other stakeholders.

On the other hand, the National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF) creates a platform in which interested parties and healthcare facilities can engage stakeholders regarding ways in which they can help promote patient staff. For this reason, I believe that an important external method of dissemination is to involve NPSF in the dissemination stage. Being a well-recognized and respected not-for-profit organization, the NPSF is undoubtedly in the best position to spread the word about the strategies that would prevent any harm and improve patient safety to stakeholders across the board. In addition, the organization offers grants to projects that ultimately serve to prevent human errors and patient injuries in diverse ways.

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It is important to report whatever results found to the hospital board and NPSF as the information provided could help prevent thousands if not millions of cases of Type 2 diabetes in the future. Moreover, involving both parties in the findings of the research makes the information-sharing process more efficient and fast. Should the recommendations made be proven to prevent and manage Type 2 diabetes, both parties will be fundamental in approving the next steps of the implementation process. In other words, without the approval of the hospital board and NPSF amongst other internal and external stakeholders, most research recommendationsmay never be implemented. (Brown et al., 2017).

Lastly, communication is an important part of the dissemination stage. This is why in order to communicate effectively to both the hospital board and NPSF, I will employ different strategies for each according to their relevance. I will use narratives in order to get an audience with the hospital board. Seeing as almost everyone has had a friend or member of their family diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, I will use these experiences to make them understand its importance and the fact that diabetes can affect almost anyone. When it comes to the NPSF, however, I will be sure to frame the message in a way that makes them see its worth in terms of what they have to gain by being part of the process.

References

Brown, C. H., Curran, G., Palinkas, L. A., Aarons, G. A., Wells, K. B., Jones, L., … & Tabak, R. G. (2017). An overview of research and evaluation designs for dissemination and implementation. Annual Review of Public Health, 38, 1-22.

Chan, C. K., Oldenburg, B., & Viswanath, K. (2015). Advancing the science of dissemination and implementation in behavioral medicine: Evidence and progress. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(3), 277-282.

Kullgren, J. T., Knaus, M., Jenkins, K. R., & Heisler, M. (2016). Mixed methods study of engagement in behaviors to prevent type 2 diabetes among employees with pre-diabetes. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 4(1), e000212.

Ley, S. H., Hamdy, O., Mohan, V., & Hu, F. B. (2014). Prevention and management of type 2 diabetes: dietary components and nutritional strategies. The Lancet, 383(9933), 1999-2007.

National Diabetes Fact Sheet. (2011). Fast Facts on Diabetes. Washington, DC: CDC.

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