Lydia Hall’s: evaluation and analysis of theories

Question

(Introduction, body, conclusions, references)
Please cover these aspects:
Notes of the Theorist
About the Theory
Scope of Theory
Assumptions
Theoretical Definitions for Major Concepts
Sub-concepts
Evaluation and Analysis
Strengths
Weaknesses
(A power point presentation is attached as a sample of aspects/contents to cover in the essay)

Answer

Lydia Hall’s Theory Evaluation and Analysis

Contents

Introduction. 2

Notes of the Theorist. 2

About the Theory. 2

Scope of Theory. 3

Assumptions. 3

Theoretical Definitions of Major Concepts. 3

Sub concepts. 4

Evaluation and Analysis. 4

Strengths. 4

Weaknesses. 5

Conclusion. 5

References. 6

Introduction

               Various theorists have made their marks in various fields by developing theories or ideas seeking to explain numerous phenomena. Lucy Hall’s is amongst the notable theorists, and this is due to her contribution to the nursing field through her conceptualization of the Care, Cure, and Core model of nursing. This paper provides key highlights of the theory and as well as analysis of the main elements.

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Notes of the Theorist

              Hall Graduated in 1927 with a diploma in nursing from York Hospital School of Nursing (Wayne, 2014a).She was awarded a Bachelor of Science in Public Health Nursing followed by a master’s degree in teaching of natural life sciences at Columbia University in 1932 and 1942 respectively. In 1967, Hall was awarded the Teacher’s Colleges Nursing Education Alumni Association (TCNEAA) Achievement in Nursing Practice Award, and this was followed by the induction into the TCNEAA Hall of Fame. She has authored 21 publications and hundreds of articles on her theories about chronic disease control and long-term care and about the Loeb Center.In 1984, she was inducted in the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame.

About the Theory

              The theory defined nursing as partaking in Core, Cure and Care facets of patient care. She argued that the delivery of effective care is the nurse’s sole role, while the cure and core components of healthcare operations are shared amongst the health team. As such, the theory posits that the primary function of care in nursing is to establish and maintain an interpersonal relationship with each patient, which in the long run should result in the development of the core. The theory has 3 components which are represented by three interconnected yet independent circles namely the core (focuses on the person), the cure (focuses on the disease) and the care (focuses on the body).

Scope of Theory

              The theory can be classified as a mid-range theory since it is limited in scope as it focuses mainly on nursing care at the patient and nurse level as opposed to societal level.

Assumptions

              The theory is based on several assumptions. First, the theory’s main assumption is that the motivation and energy that are a prerequisite for patient healing always exists within the patient as opposed to the team of healthcare professionals overseeing the delivery process. It also assumes that the nursing facets of care, cure and core are inherently interrelated and should therefore never be seen to function independently. Lastly, the theory assumes that as care, cure and core interact; the circles that represent them change in size depending on the progress of the patient’s total course.

Theoretical Definitions of Major Concepts

              The theory has four major concepts: the individual patient, health, society and nursing (Wayne, 2014 b). Under the theory, the individual human (people above 16 years of age and beyond the acute phase of a long term illness) is the center of focus in the provision of nursing care. The individual patient is the source of motivation and energy in the provision of nursing care. Hall posited that the individual should be the focal point since he was special and capable of learning and growth and required a total person approach. The theory’s second major concept is health. Hall emphasized on the need to aid the patient to explore his/her conduct with the aim of identifying and overcoming problems through self-identity development and maturity. The third major concept was society and the environment which implied the hospital environment. Based on the notion of the Loeb Center, Hall advocated for the provision of an environment that was conducive to self-development that would ensure that any action taken sought to assist the patient realize his/her personal goal. The last major concept of the theory is nursing, which was defined as participating in the provision of cure, care and core facets of patient care (Wayne, 2014b).

Sub concepts

              The theory has three concepts namely: the care circle (which postulates the nurturing role of patients), the cure circle (which revolves around the administration of treatments and medicine) and the core circle (which centers around the emotional, social, intellectual and spiritual needs of the patient).

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Evaluation and Analysis

              An evaluation and analysis of the theory shows that the theory is organized and presented in a simple and concise manner. The theory is quite applicable in both nursing research and practice. The theory is also patient-centric and connects its concept well (Cosejo, 2012). The use of a diagram depicting circles of the three aspects of nursing care further simplifies the understanding of the theory. Hall’s theory quite pertains to the activities and knowledge of nursing (Pearson, 2007).

Strengths

              According to Wayne (2014b), the theory is simply and completely logical. In line with what Hall posited, the provision of nursing care revolves around aiding to cure the disease, while caring for the patient’s body and inner self. Secondly, not only does the theory project a unique mode but also places the role of nurses mainly on care provision which is quite essential in the health field.

Weaknesses

              A major shortcoming of the theory is the fact that it limits its application to patients above 16 years thus can never be applied by nurses who often have to serve pediatric patients. Secondly, the theory downplays the immense role played by family members and the community in the provision of care to patients.

Conclusion

              The provision of timely and quality care is important for the attainment of fundamental basic rights. Hall’s theory advocates for a patient-centered model of nursing care that puts the patient at the center of his treatment. By believing that the motivation and strength of nursing care lies with the patient, nurses are able to assist the patients to take an active role in their healing process.

References

Cosejo, D. (2012). Lydia Hall’s Nursing Theory- Core, Care and Cure Model for Geriatric            Care. RNspeak. Web.

Pearson, A. (2007). Dead Poets, Nursing Theorists Contemporary Nursing Practice.           International Journal of Nursing Practice, 13(6): 321–323.

Wayne, G. (2014a). Lydia E. Hall. Nurseslabs. Web.

Wayne, G. (2014b). Lydia E. Hall’s Care, Cure, Core Theory.Nurseslabs. Web.

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